OCEAN EXEMPLARS are inspiring individuals, programs, curricula, schools, and organizations providing inspiring contributions to ocean knowledge and advocacy. Each exemplar is chosen for what could be considered "best practices" in ocean education, from the classroom to the reef.
Seaweed: The New Kale
Sea greens are having a moment. Is kelp the new kale? Dulse the new bacon? Two Maine-based companies are capitalizing on cold water-loving seaweeds and are transforming the way we think about seaweed as a culinary delight. Micah Woodcock is owner of Atlantic Holdfast Company, harvesting and selling a wide variety of edible seaweeds. Along with Michah’s seaweed operation, Shep and Linnette Erhart founded Maine Coast Sea Vegetables in 1971, the country’s largest wild sea greens company. Many experts believe seaweed farms could feed the world using a fraction of the resources used by agriculture. Here’s to these two intrepid entrepreneurs, looking to the sea for sustainable farming and success.
Pictured: Micah Woodcock of Atlantic Holdfast Seaweed Company, harvesting kelp off of a small Maine island. Image courtesy of New England Today.
Barack Obama, U.S. President (2008 - 2016)
Inspired by his childhood on and near the waters of Hawaii, President Barack Obama has done more to protect the ocean than any of his predecessors. During his tenure as President he safeguarded more of the ocean than any other president, and increased the amount of protected waters around the U.S. by four times [source]. His administration worked to improve American fisheries, to combat illegal fishing, and to create more national policy to protect the ocean. #thanksobama
Angela Haseltine Pozzi, Founder, Washed Ashore Project
Founder and artistic director of the Washed Ahore Project, Angela Pozzi first recognized the vast amounts of plastic washingi up on the beaches near her home in Oregon. She decided to take action, and through the Washed Ashore Project has processed tons of plastic pollution from Pacific beaches to create beautiful, inspiring, and monumental sculptures that are awakening viewers to the global marine debris crisis.
Bren Smith, 3d Ocean Farming Pioneer
Bren Smith, owner of Thimble Island Oyster Co. and Executive Director of GreenWave, is pioneering the development of restorative 3D ocean farming. Bren's vertical ocean farm in Long Island Sound grows seaweed and shellfish and is designed to restore ecosystems, mitigate climate change, and create blue-green jobs for fishermen. Called a “visionary” by Barton Seaver, Director of Harvard’s Healthy and Sustainable Food Program, Smith’s farming model is designed to restore ocean ecosystems, mitigate climate change, and create blue-green jobs for fishermen — while ensuring healthy, local food for communities.
Ian Urbina, Journalist
Ian Urbina is an investigative journalist for The New York Times. In July of 2015 he began publishing “The Outlaw Ocean”, a highly acclaimed ongoing series offering an in-depth look at the lawless state of the world’s ocean aboard high seas fishing vessels: piracy, murder, slavery, illegal fishing, and more. “The Outlaw Ocean” has garnered much public interest, prompting discussions about new regulations, policies, and approaches at the national and international level. He continues to report on the links between commercial fishing, high seas management, and the risks and lawlessness associated with both. Look for more from Urbina on the subject.
Shari Sant Plummer is an avid diver, photographer, ocean activist, and conservationist. She serves on the board of Mission Blue Foundation, is President of the Code Blue Charitable Foundation, and is Secretary/Trustee of the Summit Charitable Foundation. She also serves with Seacology, the Lechuza Beach Conservancy, the Smithsonian Ocean Initiative, the Marine Leadership Committee, and the World Wildlife Fund National Council. Shari is of the next generation of women devoted to conservation of the ocean and its contribution to human survival. Follow him on Twitter @ShariSant.
Dr. Daniel Pauly heads The Sea Around Us Project, based at the Fisheries Centre at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. Dr. Pauly has been a leader in conceptualizing and co-developing software used by ocean experts throughout the world. Dr. Pauly has not been the only serious scientific voice sounding the alarm about the future of fishing as a global source of protein, but he has been one of the most effective. His simple management plan would solve the overfishing problem through an economically compelling adjustment of scale. Learn more in our World Ocean Radio episode “A Matter of Scale.”
Ocean Advocate, Author, Inspirational Speaker, Swimmer, and UN Patron of the Oceans, Lewis is best known for being the first to swim across the North Pole in 2007 to highlight the melting of Arctic sea ice. He has received a number of awards, was named Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum, and appointed Patron of the Oceans by the UNEP. “By swimming in vulnerable ecosystems, I want to draw attention to the impact of our actions on our oceans. I’ve witnessed drastic changes in my lifetime – changes that have come about because of our actions. In my lifetime I’d like to see us change. Because we have it within our power to make a positive difference.” Follow him on Facebook and Twitter.
Paul Mayewski: Professor & Director, The Climate Change Institute
Paul Andrew Mayewski (W2O’s most recent member of the Advisory Board) is passionate about climate change and changes in the chemistry of the atmosphere. An intrepid explorer, he has led expeditions to collect scientific core samples from Antarctica, the Arctic, the Andes, New Zealand, the Himalayas, and the Tibetan Plateau. Paul is Professor and Director of the Climate Change Institute and has written extensively on atmospheric chemistry, ice loss, abrupt climate change events, human impacts on climate, and recently co-authored “Journey Into Climate – Adventure, Exploration and the Unmasking of Human Innocence” (2011, with M.C. Morrison.) He is a leader in his field; his scientific achievements are too numerous to mention, and his passion for developing understanding of the multiple controls placed on climate is both infectious and inspiring. Follow him on Twitter @CCIAdventures
Mohammed Rezwan: Bringing Classrooms to Stranded Students
Mohammed Rezwan is the Founder and Executive Director at Shidhulai Swanirvar Sangstha, a not-for-profit that has served over 90,000 children in flood prone Bangladesh by the creation of 54 free-floating schools, libraries, health clinics, solar service boats and floating training centers with wireless internet access--all capable of being moored in rivers and safe places unaffected by the water environment. Razwan envisions the river ecology as a communications network insisting that, “If the children cannot come to school because of roads going under flood-water, then the school should come to them."
Nancy Rabalais: Marine Ecologist
Nancy Rabalais is a marine ecologist that has been studying and speaking out about the Gulf of Mexico’s dead zone for more than three decades. Former Executive Director and a professor at Louisiana U Marine Consortium, Rabalais is quick to point out that the dead zone is not only one of the biggest human-made disasters we face today, but one we still have the power to reverse if we choose to. Rabalais is a 2012 MacArthur Fellow.
Karim Sall: "Mr. Whale"
Senegalese native Karim Sall is nicknamed "Mr. Whale" due to his devotion to protecting sea life and for his activism for ocean conservation in Senegal. This film, which tells his story, captured the MY HERO International Film Festival's 2013 Sylvia Earle Ocean Conservation Award.
Sheldon Whitehouse: US Senator, Rhode Island
Senator Whitehouse is the leading ocean advocate in Washington today and is one of great ocean champions in the United States. He is a powerful voice with a clear message: "Our oceans face an unprecedented set of challenges from climate change, pollution, energy extraction, and more. In order to effect change we need to deploy political conditions that require three actions: 1. There must be a regulatory threat to the polluters; 2. There must be a political threat to the deniers in Congress; and 3. We must gather the armies on our side. All of the tools are available to us now. We just need to do it. As someone once said, “Yes we can.”
In May of 2013 his National Endowment for the Oceans amendment was voted in by bipartisan vote: 68-31. Follow him on Twitter @SenWhitehouse
Kerstin Forsberg: Ocean Planet
Through Ocean Planet, Ashoka Fellow Kerstin Forsberg is educating and empowering coastal communities to sustainably manage their marine environment while also becoming primary players in developing comprehensive and mutually beneficial collaboration with other organizations, businesses, and governments that operate in the ocean ecosystem.
Casson Trenor: Activist & Author of "Sustainable Sushi"
Trenor is the author of "Sustainable Sushi: A Guide to Saving the Oceans One Bite at a Time", a pocket guide designed to enable consumers concerned about environmental and health issues to dine with confidence at the sushi bar. In addition, Trenor writes articles for numerous other websites and publications, such as his monthly For the Oceans column at alternet.org. Trenor is founder of the world's first sustainable sushi restaurant, San Francisco's Tataki Sushi and Sake Bar, which opened in 2008. Follow him on Twitter @CassonTrenor
Jon Bowermaster: Writer, Filmmaker
A noted oceans expert, award-winning journalist, author, filmmaker, adventurer and six-time grantee of the National Geographic Expeditions Council. From 1998-2008, his OCEANS 8 project, a series of expeditions to explore the world's ocean from the seat of a sea kayak, allowed Jon and his teams to reach corners of the world rarely seen. Over the years, Jon has traveled to more than 80 countries giving him a unique perspective on how the world is impacted by many of today’s hotly debated environmental issues, including climate change, plastic pollution, overfishing and more. Through his website and daily blog, Notes From Sea Level, Jon continues his reporting on the health of the world’s ocean and the lives of people who are directly impacted by and depend upon it. (source) Follow him on Twitter @JonBowermaster
Rob Moir: Ocean River Institute
Dr. Moir is the Executive Eirector of the Ocean River Institute, an international grassroots environmental organization based in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ORI's mission is to foster greater personal involvement in conservation, monitoring, and protecting ecosystems by facilitating the efforts of groups working at local and regional levels. Dr. Moir is an educator, scientist, and activist with a proven history of institutional management and marine policy successes. He is a Switzer Environmental Fellow, Founding Chairman of Ocean Champions, Treasurer of the Massachusetts League of Environmental Voters, and is recognized by Elite American Executives for his expertise and leadership in ecosystem-based resource management. Follow him on Twitter @OceanRiverRob
James Balog: Photographer
James Balog is a photographer whose work has transcended the conventional traditions of photographing nature. His most recent project is a monumental and stunning look at the impact that climate change is having on the world's glaciers. Balog initiated the EXTREME ICE SURVEY (EIS), the most wide-ranging glacier study every conducted using innovative time-lapse, video, and conventional photography. EIS documents the rapid changes now occurring on the earth’s glacial ice. Worldwide, the Extreme Ice Survey has installed 27 time-lapse cameras in the most wide-ranging glacier study ever conducted using ground-based, real-time photography. For more information, visit the EIS website.
Kristofor Lofgren: Creator and Owner, Bamboo SushiKristofor Lofgren, 26, is the creator and owner of Bamboo Sushi, the first certified sustainable sushi restaurant in the world. In creating Bamboo Sushi (Portland, Oregon), Kristofor hopes to educate consumers on the importance of making conscientious decisions about their food choices and the direct impact those choices have on the health of our planet. Kristofor’s ultimate goal is to develop a new model for sustainability in the restaurant industry–creating a system of checks and balances to ensure transparency and accountability–which he hopes will be adopted by other business owners, thereby achieving even greater change. We here at the w2o herald his efforts.
David de Rothschild: Environmental Storyteller
David is Captain of the Plastiki Expedition - sailing 12,000 nautical miles across the Pacific Ocean from San Francisco to Sydney in a boat made out of plastic bottles and recycled waste products. Plastiki hopes to draw worldwide attention to human impact on the natural world, to tell a story of the world's oceans and the challenges it and its inhabitants face. Through the Plastiki Expedition, the crew hopes to captivate, inspire, and motivate tomorrow's environmental thinkers and doers to take positive action for the planet and be smart with waste. Follow him on Twitter @DRExplore
Carl Safina is the author of more than 100 articles and three books; his writing explores the scientific, moral, and social dimensions of our relationship with nature and the ocean. Safina's keen sense of adventure, deep interest and curiosity in the natural world, and understanding of the importance of the sea and its creatures make him one of the leading voices in convervation today. He is an adjunct professor at Stony Brook University, and founding president of Blue Ocean Institute. Carl Safina spoke at the TED Conference in June of 2010 on the Gulf of Mexico oil spill's unseen culprits and victims. Watch it here. Follow him on Twitter @CarlSafina.
Affectionately called "Her Deepness," or "The Sturgeon General," Sylvia Earle is a pioneer in marine research and a seasoned aquanaut who holds the depth record for a solo dive: 1,000 meters. She founded the Sustainable Seas Project, which is currently conducting a series of explorations of the United States' marine sanctuaries, and she serves as a scholar and "Explorer-in-Residence" for the National Geographic Society. Most importantly, Earle is a tireless advocate for marine conservation and for fostering public awareness of the perils to ocean ecosystems caused by over fishing and pollution. Watch the speech she gave in 2009 at the TED conference. Follow her on Twitter @SylviaEarle.
In 1985, Dr. Robert Ballard and his colleagues designed a submarine that would allow them to descend to the depths of 3800 meters to find the most famous wreck of the twentieth century -- the R.M.S. Titanic. Discovering this sunken ship brought Ballard a lot of attention, especially from kids who asked to accompany him on his expeditions. Out of this experience, Dr. Robert Ballard created the JASON Project, a Web-based science course used by teachers around the country for students in grades four through nine; a curriculum for home-schoolers; and the Argonauts program, where kids participate in real ocean explorations. A Senior Scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; and President of the Institute for Exploration at the Mystic Aquarium in Connecticut, Ballard is an explorer, a scientist, and a devoted educator.
Eugenie Clark: Marine Biologist (1922-2014)
Eugenie "the shark lady" Clark, was a world-renowned ichthyologist and authority on sharks. A pioneer in marine conservation and the study of shark behavior, Clark helped the public understand and appreciate the much maligned species. She was of the first scientists to use scuba gear to conduct underwater scientific research and a veteran of more than 70 deep dives in submersibles, Clark continued diving into her nineties. Ms. Clark passed away in early 2015.